Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Civil engineers design, construct, project manage and commission a wide range of infrastructure projects, from buildings and bridges to roads and water supply systems. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
Civil engineering is the improvement of civil society through the application of scientific knowledge. Civil requirements in today’s society are focused on meeting basic human needs and assisting people in their daily lives. These needs are met by improving infrastructure and common utilities. Civil engineers usually practice in a particular specialty, such as construction engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering, land development, transportation engineering, hydraulic engineering, and environmental engineering. For as long as groups of people have been living together in towns and cities, we have needed protection from flooding, clean reliable drinking water, ways to recycle and reuse our rubbish and a network of streets and roadways to move around efficiently.
What Civil Engineers know
A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering – the application of planning, designing, constructing, maintaining, and operating infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected. Civil Engineers understand the environment and how they can use it safely and smartly to improve our quality of life. Education and skills are focused on understanding the environment and its natural elements. Civil engineers need an in-depth understanding of physics, mathematics, geology and hydrology, using computer-aided design (CAD) systems to make the process faster, and easy to modify designs and generate working drawings for construction crews. They must also know the properties of a range of construction materials, such as concrete and structural steel, and the types and capabilities of construction machinery.
Many civil engineers become experts in a specialized area of civil engineering such as structural, water, geotechnical, transportation or environmental fields. They can apply their knowledge of construction methods and properties of materials into the design and construction of safe structures, deal with the storage and distribution of water including irrigation and river control structures, the design of stable slopes and retaining walls, safe and efficient transportation networks, and environmentally friendly recycling, treatment and disposal of waste.
Civil Engineering Industries:
Below is a list of the most common industries civil engineers work in. Within each industry there is a wide range of positions available for civil engineers.
What Civil Engineers do:
As the civil world is so diverse, civil engineers have the most varied career options out of all the major disciplines. They work on both the small and large scale of construction and infrastructure. Opportunities exist for some to start their own business and contract their services to private developers for large projects.
Civil engineers can be involved in nearly every stage of a construction project. That can include site selection, preparing accurate calculations, writing specifications for processes and materials, reviewing bids from subcontractors, ensuring compliance with building codes and monitoring all phases of construction from grading and earth moving to painting and finishing. Engineers have responsibility for managing people, equipment, resources, time and money and good communication skills are vital. All professional civil engineers must be able to effectively articulate complex information to people.
CAD software is used to increase the productivity of the designer, improve the quality of design, improve communications through documentation, and to create a database for manufacturing. CAD output is often in the form of electronic files for print, machining, or other manufacturing operations. The term CADD (for Computer Aided Design and Drafting) is also used.
How the outsourcing CAD Services can help
The civil world is so diverse, they work on both the small and large scale of construction and infrastructure projects. Opportunities exist for some to start their own business and contract their services to private developers for large projects.
As a CAD Services company, we offer CAD drafting for land development consultants and traffic & transportation engineering consultants that cater to various aspects of surveying and land development, including engineering, Traffic studies and development of regional impact for both subdivisions and commercial developments. Use of Computer Aided Design software is common.
Land Development Engineering:
Land development refers to altering the landscape in any number of ways such as: Changing landforms from a natural or semi-natural state for a purpose such as agriculture or housing. Subdividing real estate into lots, typically for the purpose of building homes. Conversion of raw land into construction ready housing, commercial, or industrial building sites.
Land development process involves improvements that have indefinite life, such as draining, dredging, excavating, filling, grading, paving, etc. The legal definition of land parcels and the release of new land must conform to state planning legislation and county or city council requirements, while at the same time giving land developers the opportunity to create attractive places to live and work.
Traffic & Transportation Engineering:
Transportation engineering is dedicated to the improvement of transportation vehicles and logistics. Transportation of people, goods and structures are all targeted by this discipline. Engineering of transportation activity is divided by managing the current systems and researching new technologies to improve transport in industrialized countries. They cast an eye to the future and consider the needs of society and how transport will affect their lives.
Traffic engineers modify the technical aspects of road design to maximize traffic flow and reduce congestion. Road geometry, traffic lights, road signs and pedestrian walkways are all related and optimized to achieve one common goal; reducing traffic congestion in a safe manner. Skills used on a daily basis by traffic engineers include data analysis problem solving skills when assessing traffic and accident reports.
Survey CAD Drafting for Surveying companies:
We offer CAD drafting for surveying companies. As outsourcing CAD services, we have professional experience in producing civil site engineering drawings for Sub-divisions, Commercial and Residential projects
Earthworks design and layouts
Engineering design and survey
Land development concepts
Land subdivision design
Our team of Civil Engineers specializes in subdivision design and traffic & transportation engineering of all types and sizes; we review and understand all County requirements. You can rely on our expertise in all infrastructure design, earthworks design, and pavement design.
Inquire with us! Our highly skilled team about your next civil engineering project – we can assist you on your CAD projects and within budget.